(PDSS) Postpartum Depression Screening Scale

by Cheryl Tatano Beck, DNSc, and Robert K. Gable, EdD
Based on two samples: 525 new mothers of various ethnicities and 150 women recruited through childbirth classes and newspaper ads
Available in Italian
Published Translations
5-10 minutes
For new mothers of any age
Gives clinicians a quick, systematic way to address postpartum depression and a valid assessment on which to base treatment
Publish Date
Level C required.

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(PDSS™) Postpartum Depression Screening Scale™

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PDSS Test Form In Spanish (Pack of 10)
SKU: W-380S
Includes Manual Supplement for Spanish Form. This form contains test items only. To use it, you also need the AutoScore Test Form (W-380A).
1 x PDSS Test Form In Spanish (Pack of 10)   + $31.00
PDSS AutoScore Test Form (Pack of 25)
SKU: W-380A
1 x PDSS AutoScore Test Form (Pack of 25)   + $56.00
Kits & Manuals
SKU: W-380
Includes 25 AutoScore Test Forms; Manual
1 x PDSS Kit   + $125.00
Kits & Manuals
PDSS Manual
SKU: W-380B
1 x PDSS Manual   + $81.00

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(PDSS) Postpartum Depression Screening Scale
(PDSS) Postpartum Depression Screening Scale

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    About This Product


    Although postpartum depression is not uncommon among new mothers, it often goes undetected. And if untreated, it can adversely affect a mother’s functioning as well as her infant’s development.

    A Measure of Overall Severity and Seven Specific Symptoms

    With the Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS), clinicians can identify mothers suffering from postpartum depression—early and easily. This 35-item, self-report instrument can be administered in just 5 to 10 minutes. Used as a brief screening device, it identifies women who are at high risk for postpartum depression, so that health care professionals can then refer them for definitive diagnosis and treatment.

    Written at a third-grade reading level, PDSS items are brief and easy to understand. Mothers respond using a 5-point scale ranging from “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree.” The test yields an overall severity score falling into one of three ranges:

    Normal adjustment
    Significant symptoms of postpartum depression
    Positive screen for major postpartum depression

    In addition, the PDSS provides scores for seven symptom areas:

    • Sleeping/Eating Disturbances
    • Anxiety/Insecurity
    • Emotional Lability
    • Mental Confusion
    • Loss of Self
    • Guilt/Shame
    • Suicidal Thoughts

    An Inconsistent Responding Index is also included to measure response validity. Standardization is based on two samples: 525 new mothers of various ethnic backgrounds and 150 women recruited through childbirth classes and newspaper ads prior to giving birth. 

    A Quick Gauge of Suicidal Thinking

    The first seven items on the scale can function as a Short Form. Completed in just a minute or two, this Short Form provides only a Total Score, though a woman’s response to item seven can be used to gauge her level of suicidal thinking.

    Treatment Guidelines

    The PDSS can be used across various specialties, including obstetrics, pediatrics, psychiatry, psychology, and social work. It can be administered as early as 2 weeks after delivery. In addition to indicating which mothers need to be referred for a complete diagnostic work-up and treatment, the scale guides and informs treatment by means of the symptom profile it produces. And its brevity and economy make the PDSS ideal for monitoring treatment response.

    Given the high incidence of postpartum depression, the current low rate of detection, and the potentially serious consequences, the PDSS is extremely useful in identifying women who need focused attention from mental health professionals.