(CTS™) Conflict Tactics Scales™

By Murray A. Straus, PhD, Sherry L. Hamby, PhD, et al.

Benefits

A quick, practical, targeted, and widely accepted assessment of domestic violence

Ages

Adults

Admin Time

10 minutes

Format

Self-report or interview

Publish Date

2003

Have a Question?

Call 800.648.8857

Kits

Show details for CTS Kit

Product #: W-396

CTS Kit

Includes Handbook; 10 CTS 2 AutoScore Forms; 10 CTS PC AutoScore Forms

$105.00

In stock

Add to cart
Add to Wishlist

Forms

CTS2 AutoScore™ Form (Pack of 25)

Show details for CTS2 AutoScore™ Form (Pack of 25)

Product #: W-396A

CTS2 AutoScore™ Form (Pack of 25)

$52.50

Out of stock

Back Order
Add to Wishlist

CTS PC AutoScore™ Form (Pack of 25)

Show details for CTS PC AutoScore™ Form (Pack of 25)

Product #: W-396B

CTS PC AutoScore™ Form (Pack of 25)

$52.50

In stock

Add to cart
Add to Wishlist

Manuals & Resources

CTS Handbook

Show details for CTS Handbook

Product #: W-396C

CTS Handbook

$72.00

In stock

Add to cart
Add to Wishlist

Continuing Education

Conflict Tactics Scales Handbook CE Materials

Show details for Conflict Tactics Scales Handbook CE Materials

Product #: W-396CE

Conflict Tactics Scales Handbook CE Materials

Includes Questionnaire and Evaluation Form. To receive 5 continuing education (CE) credits for mastering the Conflict Tactics Scales Handbook (W-396C, sold separately), complete and return these materials.

$65.00

In stock

Add to cart
Add to Wishlist

(CTS™) Conflict Tactics Scales™

(CTS™) Conflict Tactics Scales™

BY MURRAY A. STRAUS, PHD, SHERRY L. HAMBY, PHD, SUE BONEY-MCCOY, PHD, DAVID B. SUGARMAN, PHD, DAVID FINKELHOR, PHD, DAVID W. MOORE, PHD, AND DESMOND K. RUNYAN, MD

The Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS) have been used for decades to evaluate violence within families and intimate relationships. The widespread use of these scales has resulted in a proliferation of adapted forms and some confusion about their clinical and research application. This Handbook clarifies the situation by compiling and organizing—in a single source—the large body of information about the CTS. In addition, it presents two updated versions of the instrument that serve as standard forms.    

The first of these is the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2), which brings the instrument up to date by correcting the psychometric shortcomings of the original. It is the recommended form for assessing partner violence. The second form, the Conflict Tactics Scales: Parent–Child Version (CTSPC), is the recommended form for evaluating child maltreatment and parent-to-child violence.

A New Handbook With Practical Tips on Administration and Scoring

The Handbook describes the evolution of the CTS2 and CTSPC, provides examples of their use in various settings, discusses their psychometric properties, and offers practical guidance regarding administration and scoring. It also includes survey results from a number of groups for comparative purposes. Because the CTS is not a typical psychological test, the Handbook does not include broad-based standard scores or information about diagnostic interpretation. 

Updated Forms That Quantify the Level of Abuse in Families

The CTS2 and CTSPC can each be completed in just 10 minutes. The CTS2 includes 78 items, half referring to the respondent’s behavior and half to the partner’s behavior. Using an 8-point scale, the respondent simply indicates how often each behavior has occurred. This produces “Self” and “Partner” scores for the following dimensions: 

  • Negotiation
  • Psychological Aggression
  • Physical Assault
  • Sexual Coercion
  • Injury

The test form includes space to record scores from an appropriate comparison sample selected from the Handbook.    

The CTSPC is composed of 35 items, most focusing on the respondent’s behavior with his or her child, several inquiring about the parent’s own experiences as a child. These items yield scores for the following areas: 

  • Nonviolent Discipline
  • Psychological Aggression
  • Physical Assault
  • Weekly Discipline
  • Neglect
  • Sexual Abuse

Both forms identify and quantify the level of abuse in families—specifically with regard to wife beating and child abuse. Although the scales include items that describe constructive conflict tactics and verbal aggression, their primary focus is on physically aggressive acts of intimidation and coercion.

The Standard Survey Tool for Assessing Domestic Violence

In addition to providing useful information, the CTS2 and CTSPC meet the practical needs of family therapists, social workers, and other mental health professionals. First, they take only a few minutes to administer (in a self-report or interview format) and can be easily added to standard intake procedures. Second, they target specific actions and therefore do not require that respondents recognize their own behavior as violent in order to answer questions about it. Third, they can be completed by one partner or by both partners separately.

Video Title Goes Here

There is no media.

Related Products

Intervention Resources

There are no related products.