(TOWL-4) Test of Written Language 4

By Donald D. Hammill and Stephen C. Larsen

Benefits

Assesses conventional, linguistic, and conceptual aspects of writing, identifying students who write poorly and need special help

Ages

9-0 to 17-11 years

Admin Time

60-90 minutes

Format

7 individually administered subtests, 5 using contrived formats and 2 requiring spontaneous writing

Scores

Percentiles, standard scores, age equivalents, and grade equivalents for each subtest; plus composite scores for Overall Writing, Contrived Writing, and Spontaneous Writing

Norms

Based on an age- and grade-stratified sample of 2,505 individuals from 18 states, reflecting the demographic characteristics of the U.S. population

Publish Date

2009

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Kits

TOWL-4 Kit

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Product #: EM-147

TOWL-4 Kit

Includes Manual; 50 Record/Story Scoring Forms; 50 Student Response Booklets (25 each of Form A and Form B); 1 Practice Scoring Booklet; 3 Color Picture Cards; all in a sturdy storage box

$274.00

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Forms

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet, Form A (Pack of 25)

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Product #: EM-147A

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet, Form A (Pack of 25)

$60.00

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TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet, Form B (Pack of 25)

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Product #: EM-147B

TOWL-4 Student Response Booklet, Form B (Pack of 25)

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TOWL-4 Record/Story Scoring Form (Pack of 50)

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Product #: EM-147C

TOWL-4 Record/Story Scoring Form (Pack of 50)

$56.00

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Manuals & Resources

TOWL-4 Manual

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Product #: EM-147D

TOWL-4 Manual

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(TOWL-4) Test of Written Language 4

(TOWL-4) Test of Written Language 4

BY DONALD D. HAMMILL AND STEPHEN C. LARSEN

New in the TOWL-4:

  • Normative data collected in 2006-2007
  • Grade-based norms in addition to age-based norms
  • Elimination of virtually all floor and ceiling effects
  • Attractive new color stimulus pictures

This comprehensive, norm-referenced test of written expression is now available in a fully updated Fourth Edition. The TOWL-4 can be used to:

  • Identify students who write poorly and need special help
  • Determine writing strengths and weaknesses
  • Document progress in special writing programs
  • Like the previous edition, the TOWL-4 assesses the conventional, linguistic, and conceptual aspects of writing. It includes seven subtests---five using contrived formats and two requiring spontaneous writing samples.

Contrived-Format Subtests

  • Vocabulary - Writing sentences that incorporate given stimulus words
  • Spelling - Writing sentences from dictation, making proper use of spelling rules
  • Punctuation - Writing sentences from dictation, making proper use of punctuation and capitalization rules
  • Logical Sentences - Editing illogical sentences so that they make better sense
  • Sentence Combining - Integrating the meaning of short sentences into single, grammatically correct sentences
  • Spontaneous-Format Subtests

Contextual Conventions

  • Writing a story in response to a stimulus picture and earning points for satisfying specific orthographic and grammatical requirements
  • Story Composition - Writing a story that is evaluated for vocabulary, plot, prose, character development, and interest to the reader
  • Individually administered in 60 to 90 minutes, the TOWL-4 can be used with students aged 9-0 to 17-11. Equivalent forms (A and B) are available to simplify pre- and posttesting.

The test provides percentiles, standard scores, age equivalents, and grade equivalents for each subtest. In addition, three Composite Scores are available: Overall Writing, Contrived Writing, and Spontaneous Writing. Norms, based on an age- and grade-stratified sample of 2,505 individuals from 18 states, reflect the demographic characteristics of the U.S. population.

Studies reported in the Manual document the predictive validity of the TOWL-4 and demonstrate that the test is unbiased relative to gender and race. The TOWL-4 is extremely helpful to professionals who assess and treat writing deficits.

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