(VMI) Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration

By Keith E. Beery, PhD and Norman A. Buktenica, et al.

(VMI) Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration

Benefits

Backed by extensive research, offers an economical way to screen for visual-motor deficits that can lead to learning, behavior and neuropsychological problems

Ages

2 years and up

Admin Time

10-15 minutes

Format

Geometric design copying task

Norms

Based on national sample of 1,737 children, aged 2 to 18 years (collected in 2010), and 1,021 adults aged 19 to 100 (collected in 2006); also, age-specific norms reflecting developmental stepping stones from birth through age 6

Publish Date

2010

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Kits

Show details for VMI Kit

Product #: MM-5

VMI Kit

Includes 10 Short Form Tests; 10 Long Form Tests; 10 Supplementary Visual Tests; 10 Supplementary Motor Tests; 1 Manual

$149.00

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Forms

VMI Short Form Test (Pack of 25)

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VMI Short Form Test (Pack of 25)

$86.10

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VMI Long Form Test (Pack of 25)

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Product #: MM-5B

VMI Long Form Test (Pack of 25)

$112.75

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VMI Supplementary Visual Test (Pack of 25)

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Product #: MM-5D

VMI Supplementary Visual Test (Pack of 25)

$19.80

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VMI Supplementary Motor Test (Pack of 25)

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Product #: MM-5E

VMI Supplementary Motor Test (Pack of 25)

$19.80

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Manuals & Resources

VMI Manual

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VMI Manual

Sixth Edition. Includes both Child and Adult normative data.

$72.50

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VMI Developmental Teaching Activities

Show details for VMI Developmental Teaching Activities

Product #: MM-3F

VMI Developmental Teaching Activities

More than 250 activities for teachers to use with children from birth through age 6. At each age level, these activities focus on gross motor, fine motor, visual, and visual-motor development, providing a solid foundation for art, academic, and athletic s

$59.55

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VMI "My Book of Shapes"

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Product #: MM-3G

VMI "My Book of Shapes"

100 paper-and-pencil exercises that provide a foundation for learning number and letter shapes. Can be used by preschool and kindergarten teachers as well as parents. Now includes a CD that allows you to print copies of the activities.

$48.75

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VMI "My Book of Letters and Numbers"

Show details for VMI "My Book of Letters and Numbers"

Product #: MM-3H

VMI "My Book of Letters and Numbers"

100 paper-and-pencil exercises focusing on alpha-numeric skills. Used in the second semester of kindergarten, these exercises help children transfer what they’ve learned about shapes to the formation of letters and numbers. Now includes a CD that allows y

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VMI Development Wall Chart

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Product #: MM-3J

VMI Development Wall Chart

A laminated, full-color wall chart showing basic developmental "Stepping Stones." A handy reminder for parents and professionals.

$27.10

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VMI "Stepping Stones" Parent Checklist (Pack of 25)

Show details for VMI "Stepping Stones" Parent Checklist (Pack of 25)

Product #: MM-3K

VMI "Stepping Stones" Parent Checklist (Pack of 25)

This checklist includes more than 200 key developmental "Stepping Stones." Parents can use it in making home observations to share with the teacher.

$33.55

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Continuing Education

VMI Manual CE Materials

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Product #: MM-5CE

VMI Manual CE Materials

Includes Questionnaire and Evaluation Form. To receive 4 continuing education (CE) credits for mastering the VMI Manual (MM-5C, sold separately), complete and return these materials.

$52.00

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(VMI) Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration

(VMI) Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration

BY KEITH E. BEERY, PHD AND NORMAN A. BUKTENICA, AND NATASHA A. BEERY

The sixth edition of this highly acclaimed test measures visual–motor integration in children and adults. Backed by decades of research and clinical use, the VMI offers a convenient and economical way to screen for visual–motor deficits that can lead to learning, behavior, and neuropsychological problems. While it is used primarily with young children, the VMI can also be administered to adolescents and adults.

New in the Sixth Edition

The sixth edition remains focused on early childhood education, offering new norms for ages 2 through 18. (Adult norms, for ages 19 and older, have not been updated.) While test content has not changed, the child and adult test forms have been combined, making the VMI more convenient for clinicians who work with people of all ages. You may continue to use your remaining fifth edition test forms, but you will need the new sixth edition Manual to access updated norms and new research on medical, neuropsychological, and educational applications of the VMI.

A Simple Design-Copying Task Appropriate for Young and Old

The VMI helps assess the extent to which individuals can integrate their visual and motor abilities. The test presents the examinee with drawings of 24 geometric forms, arranged in developmental sequence, from less to more complex. The examinee simply copies these forms in the Test Booklet. The test can be individually or group administered in just 10 to 15 minutes. A Short Form, composed of 15 drawings, is often used with 2- to 8-year-old children.

Optional Supplemental Tests for More Detailed Evaluation

Two supplemental tests—the VMI Visual Test and the VMI Motor Test—can each be administered in 5 minutes or less. They are generally given if full- or short-form VMI results indicate a need for further testing. The supplemental tests use the same VMI stimulus forms, so it’s easy to compare results from all three tests, using a profile form provided in the Test Booklet.

Fine-Grained Scoring and a Useful Manual

The VMI scoring system permits fine discrimination between performances, especially at older age levels. The Manual presents very clear scoring criteria, standard scores, percentiles, and teaching suggestions. It also reports recent medical and neuropsychological applications of the VMI.

The sixth edition was standardized in 2010 on a national sample of 1,737 children ages 2 to 18. Adult norms, collected in 2006, are based on a sample of 1,021 individuals from 19 to 100 years of age. In addition, the Manual includes approximately 600 age-specific norms, from birth through age 6. These norms reflect developmental “stepping stones” identified by research. They have proven useful in helping parents understand their child’s current level of development.

Helpful Teaching Materials

Five teaching tools offer activities and exercises that help teachers respond to VMI results:

  • Developmental Teaching Activities

This booklet includes more than 250 activities for teachers and parents to use with children from birth to age 6. At each age level, these activities focus on gross motor, fine motor, visual, and visual–motor development, providing a solid foundation for art, academic, and athletic skills. Includes a CD for printing copies of the activities.

  • My Book of Shapes

This book includes 100 paper-and-pencil exercises that provide a foundation for learning number and letter shapes. Can be used by preschool and kindergarten teachers as well as parents. Includes a CD for printing copies of the exercises.

  • My Book of Letters and Numbers

Includes 100 paper-and-pencil exercises focusing on alphanumeric skills. Used in the second semester of Kindergarten, these exercises help children transfer what they’ve learned about shapes to the formation of letters and numbers. Includes a CD for printing copies of the exercises.

  • Developmental Wall Chart

This laminated, full-color wall chart shows basic developmental “Stepping Stones”—a handy reminder for parents and professionals.

  • Stepping Stones Parent Checklist

This checklist includes more than 200 key developmental “Stepping Stones.” Parents can use it in making home observations to share with the teacher.

Widespread Application

The VMI can be used by psychologists, learning disability specialists, school counselors, teachers, and other professionals to:

  • Identify individuals who may have difficulty with visual–motor integration
  • Make appropriate referrals for needed services
  • Test the effectiveness of educational and other interventions
  • Evaluate neuropsychological problems in older adults
  • Inform diagnoses of dementia or Alzheimer’s

One of the most well-researched instruments of its kind, the VMI is useful in assessing learning, neuropsychological, behavioral, and emotional disorders. It is time-efficient, culture-free, nonverbal, and appropriate for an extremely wide age range. Unlike many other tests of its kind, the VMI offers item content that is acceptable to preschoolers, children, teens, adults, and the elderly. Neither the very young nor the very old find the test intimidating. 

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