Raven's Progressive Matrices

by J. C. Raven

Raven's Progressive Matrices

by J. C. Raven
Benefits CPM assesses the degree to which examinees can think clearly or the extent to which their intellectual abilities have deteriorated; measures cognitive processes typically used by children under 11 years of age–processes that are first to decline as the re
Ages 5 through 11 years, elderly people, and individuals of any age who are mentally impaired for CPM; 6 through 16 years for SPM, or a more difficult version, the SPM-Plus, can be used with older adolescents and adults or those who score near the ceiling of t
Admin time 15-30 minutes for CPM; 40-45 minutes for SPM; 40-60 minutes for APM
Publish Date 1976
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About This Product

Picture of Raven's Progressive Matrices


Raven’s Progressive Matrices provide a trusted, nonverbal assessment of intelligence. Because these scales minimize the impact of language and culture, they are particularly well suited to measuring the intelligence of individuals with reading problems or hearing impairment, as well as those whose native language is not English. They measure two complementary components of general intelligence: the capacity to think clearly and make sense of complex data (eductive ability), and the capacity to store and reproduce information (reproductive ability).

The test offers three progressively difficult forms intended for different populations. Items on all forms ask the examinee to identify the missing component in a series of figural patterns. Grouped in sets, the items require increasingly greater skill in encoding and analyzing information. The three forms are summarized below:

Each of the three forms can be group or individually administered, and each produces a single raw score, which can be converted to a percentile or a standard score. Parallel forms are available for the CPM, SPM, and SPM-Plus.

The instrument of choice in cross-cultural studies of intelligence, Raven’s Progressive Matrices have long been used to measure cognitive ability free of verbal interference. The scales are particularly helpful in assessing ethnically diverse populations, and they are among the few intelligence tests that detect “suboptimal performance,” also known as “faking bad.”