(PLAI-2) Preschool Language Assessment Instrument, Second Edition

by Marion Blank, Susan A. Rose, et al.

(PLAI-2) Preschool Language Assessment Instrument, Second Edition

by Marion Blank, Susan A. Rose, et al.
Benefits Provides a detailed picture of children's ability to handle the demands of classroom discourse
Ages 3-0 through 5-11
Admin time 30 minutes
Format Individually administered; six norm-referenced subtests and two nonstandardized pragmatic measures
Norms Age-stratified, based on a nationally representative sample of 463 children in 16 states
Qualifications Level C required.
About Qualification Levels
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About This Product

Picture of (PLAI-2) Preschool Language Assessment Instrument, Second Edition


The PLAI-2 provides a reliable way to find out if young children can meet the demands of classroom discourse. It tells you how well 3- through 5-year-olds can integrate the cognitive, linguistic, and pragmatic aspects of communication and handle the adult-child exchange that occurs in the classroom.

Standardized Subtests Plus Informal Evaluation

The PLAI-2 includes two distinct parts: a norm-referenced assessment and an informal, nonstandardized evaluation. The standardized portion of the instrument includes six subtests that measure the following skills:

  • Matching: linking verbal and perceptual information
  • Analysis: identifying and/or combining perceptual components
  • Reordering: reducing or restructuring perceptual cues
  • Reasoning: predicting events and justifying ideas
  • Receptive Mode: requiring a nonverbal response
  • Expressive Mode: requiring a verbal response 

The nonstandardized portion of the PLAI-2 includes the following pragmatic measures:

  • Adequacy of Response

Evaluates quality of the child’s expressive language on a four-point scale, from “Fully Adequate” to “Inadequate”

  • Interfering Behaviors

Quantifies two patterns of behavior that hamper interaction: under-responsive (e.g., whispering) and over-responsive (e.g., engaging in extraneous actions)

Early Identification, Instructional Guidance, and Progress Monitoring

The PLAI-2 is an efficient way to identify young children with language and communication problems that might impede classroom performance. Test results allow you to quickly compare receptive and expressive language skills, pinpoint pragmatic behaviors that interfere with communication, and evaluate the effectiveness of intervention. They also serve as a blueprint for adapting instruction and/or therapy to each child’s particular needs. 

Relatively brief and easy to administer, the PLAI-2 gives you genuinely useful information. Teachers, speech-language clinicians, and special education professionals can immediately apply test results to help youngsters adjust to the demands of classroom language and interaction.