(TOGRA) Test of General Reasoning Ability

by Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD

(TOGRA) Test of General Reasoning Ability

by Cecil R. Reynolds, PhD
Benefits Offers a quick and flexible assessment of general reasoning and problem-solving skills
Ages 10 to 75 years
Admin time 16 minutes
Format Individual or group administration
Norms Based on a sample of 3,013 individuals drawn from 39 states using a population-proportionate, stratified random sampling plan based on the 2010 U.S. Census
Publish Date 2014
Qualifications Level C required.
About Qualification Levels
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About This Product

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The Test of General Reasoning Ability (TOGRA) is a flexible and effective assessment that measures general reasoning and problem-solving skills in about 16 minutes and is scored in 2 to 3 minutes. It can be administered to an individual or to groups in a variety of settings.

Features and benefits

  • Offers test score stability and a wide variety of item content
  • Yields a General Reasoning Index (GRI), a highly reliable score that reflects overall reasoning and problem-solving skills
  • Consists of items that assess verbal skills, nonverbal skills, quantitative reasoning, and problem-solving skills through tasks that are inductive and deductive in nature
  • Includes two equivalent forms (Blue and Green) that enable you to retest and monitor progress while reducing practice effects

Technical information

  • Extensive expert review and statistical analysis show that the racial, gender, and religious bias is minimal, making it ideal for selection purposes
  • Standardization sample of 3,013 individuals matching 2010 U.S. Census information
  • Yields a General Reasoning Index (GRI) scaled to a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. Other derived scores include z-scores, normal curve equivalents, stanines, percentiles, and age equivalents for the younger ages


  • Schools: Screening students for giftedness
  • Clinical settings and juvenile and adult justice systems: Screening prior to an intervention program and periodically during the program to monitor effectiveness
  • Athletic programs: To determine whether athletes would be suitable for leadership roles within a team
  • Organizations: To screen candidates applying for managerial and executive-level positions

Public safety departments: To evaluate candidates seeking positions as 911 operators, emergency medical service providers, and those required to carry a weapon