(SPM™) Sensory Processing Measure

by L. Diane Parham, PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA, Cheryl Ecker, MA, OTR/L, Heather Miller Kuhaneck, MS, OTR/L, Diana A. Henry, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, and Tara J. Glennon, EdD, OTR/L, FAOTA
Norms
SPM is based on a nationally representative sample of 1,051 children. Additional data were collected on a clinical sample of 345 children. SPM-P is based on a nationally representative sample of 651 typically developing 2- to 5-year-olds
Translation
Available in Danish, Finnish, & Swedish
Published Translations
Format
Parent and/or teacher rating scale; additional rating sheets completed by other school personnel for SPM; Parent and preschool teach or day care provider for SPM-P
ADMIN TIME
15-20 minutes for each form
Ages
5 to 12 years for SPM; 2 to 5 years (excluding 5-year-olds enrolled in kindergarten, for whom the SPM is the appropriate choice) for SPM-P
Benefit
SPM provides a complete picture of children's sensory processing difficulties at school and at home. SPM-P extends the popular SPM down to age 2, making early intervention possible
Publish Date
2007
Qualifications
Level C required.

About Qualification Levels

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(SPM™) Sensory Processing Measure™

From $15.00

To $4,089.00

In stock

SKU
spm-sensory-processing-measure
Customize (SPM™) Sensory Processing Measure
Assess Online
SPM Main Classroom Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-466BP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Main Classroom Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM Main Classroom Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-466BP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Main Classroom Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Assess Online
SPM School Environments Online Form (Unlimited Use)
SKU: W-466CP

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM School Environments Online Form (Unlimited Use)   + $53.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish Home Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-466EP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish Home Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish Home Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-466EP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish Home Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish Home Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-466EP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish Home Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish Main Classroom Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-466FP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish Main Classroom Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish Main Classroom Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-466FP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish Main Classroom Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish Main Classroom Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-466FP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish Main Classroom Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Assess Online
SPM Spanish School Environments Online Form (Unlimited Use)
SKU: W-466GP

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Spanish School Environments Online Form (Unlimited Use)   + $53.00
Forms
SPM-P Home AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)
SKU: W-497A
Forms for ages 2 to 5.
1 x SPM-P Home AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Home Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-497AP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Home Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Home Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-497AP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Home Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Home Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-497AP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Home Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Forms
SPM-P School AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)
SKU: W-497B
Forms for ages 2 to 5.
1 x SPM-P School AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM-P School Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-497BP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P School Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM-P School Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-497BP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P School Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM-P School Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-497BP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P School Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Spanish Home Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-497DP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Spanish Home Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Spanish Home Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-497DP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Spanish Home Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Spanish Home Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-497DP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Spanish Home Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Spanish School Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-497EP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Spanish School Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Spanish School Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-497EP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Spanish School Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM-P Spanish School Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-497EP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Spanish forms include item translations only. U.S. normative scores are used and the manual is available in English only. Spanish online forms for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Spanish School Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Forms
SPM Home AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)
SKU: W-466A
Forms for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Home AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM Home Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-466AP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Home Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Assess Online
SPM Home Online Form (25 Uses)
SKU: W-466AP25

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Home Online Form (25 Uses)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM Home Online Form (5 Uses)
SKU: W-466AP5

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Home Online Form (5 Uses)   + $15.00
Forms
SPM Main Classroom AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)
SKU: W-466B
Forms for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Main Classroom AutoScore Print Form (Pack of 25)   + $66.00
Assess Online
SPM Main Classroom Online Form (10 Uses)
SKU: W-466BP10

Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online forms for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Main Classroom Online Form (10 Uses)   + $29.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Home Print Kit
SKU: W-466H
Includes 25 Home AutoScore Print Forms; Print Manual. Kit for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Home Print Kit   + $153.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Home Online Kit
SKU: W-466HPK
Includes 25 Uses of the SPM Home Online Form; SPM Online Manual. Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online kit for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Home Online Kit   + $153.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Comprehensive Online Kit
SKU: W-466PK
Includes 25 Uses of the SPM Home Online Form; 25 Uses of the SPM Main Classroom Online Form; Unlimited Uses of the 6 SPM School Environments Online Forms; SPM Online Manual. Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online kit for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Comprehensive Online Kit   + $245.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM School Print Kit
SKU: W-466S
Includes 25 Main Classroom AutoScore Print Forms; School Environments Form CD; Print Manual. Kit for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM School Print Kit   + $193.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM School Online Kit
SKU: W-466SPK
Includes 25 Uses of the SPM Main Classroom Online Form; Unlimited Uses of the 6 SPM School Environments Online Forms; SPM Online Manual. Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online kit for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM School Online Kit   + $193.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM-P Print Kit
SKU: W-497
Includes 25 SPM-P Home AutoScore Print Forms; 25 SPM-P School AutoScore Print Forms; Print Manual. Kit for ages 2 to 5.
1 x SPM-P Print Kit   + $196.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM-P Online Kit
SKU: W-497PK
Includes 25 Uses of the SPM-P Home Online Form; 25 Uses of the SPM-P School Online Form; SPM-P Online Manual. Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online kit for ages 2 to 5.
1 x SPM-P Online Kit   + $196.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM/SPM-P Combination Print Kit
SKU: W-505
Includes both the SPM Comprehensive Print Kit (W-466) and the SPM-P Print Kit (W-497). Kit for ages 2 to 12.
1 x SPM/SPM-P Combination Print Kit   + $393.00
Assess Online
SPM/SPM-P Combination Online Kit
SKU: W-505PK
Includes 25 Uses of each of the following Online Forms: SPM Home, SPM Main Classroom, SPM-P Home, and SPM-P School; Unlimited Uses of the 6 SPM School Environments Online Forms; SPM Online Manual; SPM-P Online Manual. Each Use includes administration, scoring, Score Report, Progress Report, and printable Response Sheet. A Use is consumed when an Online Form is scored. For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online kit for ages 2 to 12.
1 x SPM/SPM-P Combination Online Kit   + $393.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Comprehensive Print Kit
SKU: W-466
Includes 25 Home AutoScore Print Forms; 25 Main Classroom AutoScore Print Forms; School Environments Form CD; Print Manual. Kit for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Comprehensive Print Kit   + $245.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Online Manual
SKU: W-466DP

For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online manual for ages 5 to 12.

1 x SPM Online Manual   + $103.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM-P Manual
SKU: W-497C
Manual for ages 2 to 5.
1 x SPM-P Manual   + $103.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM-P Online Manual
SKU: W-497CP

For use on the WPS Online Evaluation System (platform.wpspublish.com). Registration required. Upon purchase, an online activation code with instructions will be emailed to you. Online manual for ages 2 to 5.

1 x SPM-P Online Manual   + $103.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Manual
SKU: W-466D
Manual for ages 5 to 12.
1 x SPM Manual   + $103.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM-P Manual CE Materials
SKU: W-497CE
Includes Questionnaire and Evaluation Form. To receive 2 continuing education (CE) credits for mastering the SPM-P Manual (W-497C or W-497CP, sold separately), complete and return these materials.
1 x SPM-P Manual CE Materials   + $26.00
Kits & Manuals
SPM Manual CE Materials
SKU: W-466CE
Includes Questionnaire and Evaluation Form. To receive 2 continuing education (CE) credits for mastering the SPM Manual (W-466D or W-466DP, sold separately), complete and return these materials.
1 x SPM Manual CE Materials   + $26.00

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(SPM™) Sensory Processing Measure
(SPM™) Sensory Processing Measure

In stock

$15.00

Summary

    About This Product

    Spanish Forms Now Available!

    SENSORY PROCESSING MEASURE (SPM) (2007)

    HOME FORM BY L. DIANE PARHAM, PHD, OTR/L, FAOTA, AND CHERYL ECKER, MA, OTR/L

    MAIN CLASSROOM AND SCHOOL ENVIRONMENTS FORMS BY HEATHER MILLER KUHANECK, MS, OTR/L, DIANA A. HENRY, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA, AND TARA J. GLENNON, EDD, OTR/L, FAOTA

    Recognizing that sensory processing problems often manifest differently in different environments, this set of three integrated rating forms assesses sensory processing, praxis, and social participation at home, at school, and in the community.    

    Firmly grounded in sensory integration theory, the SPM provides norm-referenced standard scores for two higher-level integrative functions—praxis and social participation—and five sensory systems—visual, auditory, tactile, proprioceptive, and vestibular functioning. Within each system, it offers descriptive clinical information on processing vulnerabilities, including under- and over responsiveness, sensory-seeking behavior, and perceptual problems.

    Three Forms

    The SPM consists of three forms:

    • Home Form
    • Main Classroom Form
    • School Environments Form

    The Home Form (75 items) is completed by the child’s parent or home-based care provider. The Main Classroom Form (62 items) is filled out by the child’s primary classroom teacher. And the School Environments Form (10 to 15 items per environment) is completed by other school personnel who work with and observe the child.

    Each requiring just 15 to 20 minutes, the Home and Main Classroom Forms yield eight parallel standard scores:

    • Social Participation
    • Vision
    • Hearing
    • Touch
    • Body Awareness (Proprioception)
    • Balance and Motion (vestibular function)
    • Planning and Ideas (praxis)
    • Total Sensory Systems

    Scores for each scale fall into one of three interpretive ranges: Typical, Some Problems, or Definite Dysfunction. However, for the first time, an Environment Difference score permits a direct comparison of the child’s sensory functioning at home and school. While the scales on the Home and Main Classroom Forms are identical, the items themselves are specific to each environment. Individual item responses reveal how sensory difficulties manifest in these two different settings.

    The School Environments Form, provided on an unlimited-use CD, lets you look at the child’s functioning in six school settings outside the main classroom: Art Class, Music Class, Physical Education, Recess/Playground, Cafeteria, and School Bus. Each environment has its own 5-minute Rating Sheet, which you can print out and distribute as needed. Cutoff scores indicate the presence or absence of sensory processing problems in each setting—giving you a more comprehensive picture of the child.

    Comprehensive, Clinically Rich, and Psychometrically Sound

    The Home and Main Classroom Forms were standardized on the same population—a demographically representative sample of 1,051 typically developing children from kindergarten through sixth grade. A subsample of 306 children from the standardization sample was used to establish cutoff criteria for the School Environments Form. Studies reported in the Manual document that the SPM differentiates typical children from those with clinical disorders.

    Whether you’re an occupational therapist, psychologist, teacher, social worker, counselor, physical therapist, speech–language pathologist, or nurse, you’ll find the SPM comprehensive and clinically rich. It supplies the information you want and the psychometric integrity you need.

    SENSORY PROCESSING MEASURE–PRESCHOOL (SPM-P) (2010)

    HOME FORM BY CHERYL ECKER, M.A., OTR/L, AND L. DIANE PARHAM, PHD, OTR/L, FAOTA

    SCHOOL FORM BY HEATHER MILLER KUHANECK, M.S., OTR/L, FAOTA DIANA A. HENRY, M.S., OTR/L, FAOTA AND TARA J. GLENNON, ED.D., OTR/L, FAOTA

    Now you can identify sensory processing difficulties in children as young as 2 years of age. The new preschool edition of the popular Sensory Processing Measure lets you take an early look at overall sensory functioning as well as specific vulnerabilities that can affect learning.

    Appropriate for 2- to 5-year-olds, the SPM-P measures the same functions as the SPM: Social Participation; Vision; Hearing; Touch; Body Awareness; Balance and Motion; Planning and Ideas; and Total Sensory Systems. Within each sensory system, the SPM-P items also reveal specific problems, including under- and over responsiveness, sensory-seeking behavior, and perceptual problems. The items also provide information on the senses of taste and smell.

    Comparison of Sensory Functioning at Home and Preschool

    The SPM-P includes both a Home Form, completed by the parent, and a School Form, completed by the preschool teacher or daycare provider. Each form is composed of 75 items that are rated according to the frequency of easily observable behaviors. Used together, the two forms provide a comprehensive overview of sensory processing, and they allow you to quickly compare the child’s functioning across settings.

    Norm-Referenced Standard Scores

    The test generates a T-score for each SPM-P scale and characterizes the child’s status in descriptive terms as well (TypicalSome Problems, or Definite Dysfunction). An Environment Difference score alerts you to discrepancies in sensory functioning between home and preschool/daycare.

    Norms for both the Home and School Forms are based on a representative sample of 651 typically developing 2- to 5-year-olds. They are age-stratified to control for developmental differences between younger and older children. Data from a separate group of 242 youngsters—all receiving occupational therapy—demonstrate that SPM-P scales and items can differentiate typical children from those with clinical disorders, including autism.

    Information That Parents Can Understand

    Clinicians are enthusiastic about the SPM-P not only because it generates useful information, but also because it provides that information in a way that parents can understand. Scale names are comprehensible, results are summarized visually, and interpretation is clear-cut. These features make it easier for therapists to explain test results and engage parents in the treatment process.

    Seamless Assessment From Preschool Through Age 12

    Because the SPM-P is based on the same scale structure and theory as the SPM, you can monitor a child’s sensory development from preschool all the way through age 12. This kind of continuity is important when you’re treating children who require long-term follow-up. 

    BY DIANA A. HENRY, MS, OTR/L, FAOTA

    The new SPM and SPM-P Quick Tips is a collection of strategies for integrating sensory-based activities into a child’s everyday life. It’s a navigation tool to help answer the question “what’s next?” following the administration of the SPM or SPM-P.

    Key features:

    • Offers a framework based on careful standardized assessments developed from observations across multiple environments
    • Supports practitioners in using clinical reasoning and consultation skills in the intervention process
    • Provides a means of measuring qualitative progress through staff responses and quantitative progress through the use of the SPM or SPM-P
    • Uses parent- and teacher-friendly language
    • Offers valuable information to assist in making decisions about intervention strategies based on clinical reasoning
    • Includes a data recording system to monitor progress

    Primary users of the Quick Tips are occupational therapy practitioners in clinical, school, and community settings who have been mentored with a sensory integration (SI) expert and are trained in SI and sensory processing. These practitioners can in turn teach others how to use the Quick Tips. Parents, teachers, school personnel, and other professionals can use the strategies and techniques as long as the therapy practitioner responsible for interpreting administration results provides direction.

     

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